Approximately 1.4 Million people in America undergo a traumatic brain injury each year. Approximately 50,000 people die annually as a result of brain injury, and 235,000 are hospitalized because of their injury. It is estimated that there are over 5 million people in the U.S. living with a traumatic brain injury. Head injuries are usually the result of injury. Trauma to the head may happen as a result of automobile accidents, falls, recreational activities and violence assault. There are two types of head injury: penetrating injuries and blunt trauma injuries. Penetrating injuries occur as a result of a foreign object penetrating the skull, like a bullet or a sharp object. These injuries are often deadly. Surgery is often required to remove the penetrating object and any debris left behind, like pieces of bone from a shattered skull.
Blunt head injuries result from a direct blow to the head or a quick deceleration process which causes the brain to ricochet inside the skull. Blunt head injuries can occur from a fall, a motor vehicle accident or from being struck on the head with a blunt object. Injury may cause only Mild symptoms or may be immediately life threatening, depending on the severity and mechanism of the brain injury. Frequent signs of head injury include which symptoms are present is dependent on the seriousness of the injury and which portion of the brain is hurt. Anytime an injury is suspected, the victim should be transported to the nearest emergency room without delay. Complaints of vision problems, headache, and nausea and vomiting are common and frequent signs of brain injury and should prompt physician evaluation. Changes in behavior, such as irritability, forgetfulness and excessive sleepiness can also be red flags.
It is always sensible to err on the side of caution if you suspect a brain injury. Ignoring a possible head injury may have dire consequences. Individuals who have suffered mild head injuries can often be observed at home, providing there is someone responsible for their maintenance and they are able to come back to the hospital easily and immediately should their condition deteriorate. Individuals who experience more severe head injuries will be hospitalized and observed. They might require surgery if they have suffered a penetrating brain injury and to know more in this blogs Victims will be monitored for signs of increasing intracranial pressure, which is life threatening and may require surgery to relieve pressure on the mind.